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crevecoeur          Michel Guillaume “St. John” de Crevecoeur, the French-born aristocrat who wrote passionately about the “American Dream”, during the time of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). “John Hector” moved to the province of New York in 1759 after the defeat of the French army by the British at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham (Quebec City). Crevecoeur had served as a lieutenant in the French-Canadian militia during the first half of the North American theater of the European based Seven Years’ War (1756-1763). Once living in New York, he Anglicized his name, became a farmer, adopted English customs and married an Anglo-American wife. During the American Revolutionary War, the British captured St. John attempting to return to France to visit his sick father and held him as a suspected spy. While in captivity in England, he wrote a series of memoirs, “Letters from an American Farmer”, in which he described the opportunistic nature of American life and, the validity of American ideals, including life, liberty and equality. He also spoke out against slavery and the vile slave trade; for his literature remains one of the finest examples of American “purity”-the essence of the standards outlined in the Declaration of Independence that the fledgling United States did not completely realize until after the American Civil War (1861-1865). Trapped by the political turmoil of the French Revolution after having arrived in France in 1789, Crevecoeur hid from the new republican government for fear of his life. After retiring to his hereditary home after the Reign of Terror subsided, Crevecoeur lived out the remainder of his life in relative peace. On November 12, 1813, he died in Sarcelles, Val d’Oise, France.